The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) has taken a new position on what qualifies as a private health services plan (PHSP).
The CRA’s old position was that all medical expenses covered under a plan had to be eligible for the medical expense tax credit (METC) for the plan to qualify as a PHSP.
The CRA now considers that a plan is a PHSP as long as all or substantially all of the premiums paid under the plan relate to medical expenses that are eligible for the medical expense tax credit (METC).
The new position came into effect January 1, 2015.
All or substantially all generally means 90% or more. Therefore, in most cases, 90% or more of the premiums paid under a plan have to be for coverage of medical expenses that are eligible for the METC.
For example, Company ABC pays $100 a month for its group employee insurance plan. This $100 premium is based on the following:
- $70 relates to coverage for prescription drugs that an employee lawfully buys, as prescribed by a medical practitioner and recorded by a pharmacist;
- $20 relates to coverage for dental services paid to a dentist;
- $8 relates to coverage for medical tests such as electrocardiograms, urine analysis, and x-rays; and
- $2 relates to coverage for non-prescription vitamins.
Since the first three items are eligible for the METC and total more than 90% of the entire premium, the CRA would consider the plan to be a PHSP (assuming that all other conditions have been met).